Posts Tagged ‘Goa’
The threat of US sanctions if dependence on Iranian oil is not reduced hangs over India. In the age of oil price inelasticity, this is a clear inflationary problem. This article from IE can be read as an indication that a significant part of the solution could be political:
With the Goa government proposing a reduction in petrol prices by Rs 11, Minister of State for Parliamentary Affairs Rajiv Shukla today said the other states especially the BJP ruled ones should emulate the step to ease the burden on the common man.
“As far as petrol and diesel are concerned, states get more tax than the Centre from petroleum products. They impose more tax and get more. If states abolish taxes, then it will ease the burden on the common man,” he said.
Talking to reporters outside Parliament, he said long before Goa took the step, the Vilas Rao Deshmukh government in Maharashtra and the Andhra Pradesh government had initiated such a move.
“Central government had already reduced the custom duty…the share of the state govt is far bigger as far as money generated from petroleum products is concerned. State government should think over this (emulating Goa),” he said.
Shukla said the state government gets about 1.6 lakh crore as tax from petroleum products.
The Manohar Parrikar government had yesterday announced that only 0.1 percent value added tax (VAT) component would be levied by the state government during the presentation of the Budget.
Of course, party politics will never be separated from long term policy.
Across states there was a vote against inflation and local issues.
The Star News-AC Neilson exit poll said SP [Mulayam Singh's Samajwadi Party] would get 183 seats, followed by BSP [Mayawati's Bahujan Samaj Party] with 83 seats, BJP 71 and Congress at fourth with 51 seats. Headlines Today polls showed SP getting between 195 and 210 seats followed by BSP with 88-98 seats, BJP with 50-56 seats and Cong-RLD combine with 38-42.
Similarly, India TV-C-Voter exit poll showed SP winning 137-145 seats followed by BSP with 122-130 seats, and News24 and Today’s Chanakya poll claiming SP would win 185 seats.
Another poll by CNN-IBN-The Week-CSDS had even gone over board by projecting SP bagging 232 to 250 seats in the 403-member Assembly.
However, results show that SP won over 220 seats and BSP around 80.
The CNN-IBN-The Week-CSDS poll predicted a +9% swing for the SP, -6% for the BSP, -3% for the BJP and -1% for the Congress+RLD. No margins of error were reported. A swing is the vote share in this election over that in the 2007 election. Z News reports that the actual swing for SP was +6%, most of it coming from a -4% for the BSP. There was a -2% swing for the BJP with the Congress picking up +2% and other parties together giving another -2% swing. It could be that the BJP and Congress are stuck with an older model for the electorate, whereas the BJP and BSP have created a new and larger electoral pool for themselves.
IBN Live reports:
Despite attaining absolute majority in Punjab, the Shiromani Akali Dal and its ally BJP lost its vote share in comparison to Congress which failed to leave up to its expectations in the poll results of the 117 member Assembly.
The father-son duo of Parkash Singh Badal and Sukhbir Singh Badal succeeded in convincing the Punjab electorate to give 56 seats to the SAD, but they failed to raise the party’s vote share as compared to its tally in 2007 polls.
While the SAD’s vote share in this elections declined to 34.75 per cent as compared to 37.09 per cent in 2007, its ally BJP’s vote share also came down to 7.13 per cent this time as against 8.28 per cent in the previous hustings.
Left parties CPI and CPM, however, seems to be disappearing from the political scene as the vote share of both the parties fell drastically this time as compared to 2007 polls.
While CPI fell from 3.31 per cent to 0.82 per cent, the CPM dropped from 2.25 per cent in 2007 to 0.16 per cent in 2012 polls. The vote percentage of CPI and CPM fell by 2.49 per cent and 2.09 per cent, respectively.
In the present House, the number of Independents came down from six to three but their vote share of 417 Independents in fray this time increased by 0.06 per cent from 6.82 in 2007 to 6.76 per cent this year.
Z News reported a downswing for both major parties: -1% for the Congress and -3% for the incumbent SAD (Shiromani Akali Dal). The swing votes went to smaller parties.
ET reported on the see-saw battle in Uttarakhand:
Congress tonight appeared on course to form government in Uttarakhand after it took a wafer-thin one seat advantage over ruling BJP in a cliff-hanger of a contest in state assembly polls.
Out of all the 70 results, Congress won 32 seats–four short of majority in the 70-member House–and ruling BJP followed closely with 31 seats.
Congress sources said the party would seek the support from three successful independent candidates as well as UKD, which won one seat, for government-making.
BSP won three seats and could also hold the to government formation in the state.
As Congress emerged as the single largest party, a delegation of the party called on Governor Margaret Alva late this evening and staked claim to form new government.
The reason for the close race is in vote swings. Z News reported that there were massive swings for the two major parties: +3% for the Congress and a stupendous +9% for the BJP.
The Hindu reported on Goa:
Cashing-in on the anti-incumbency factor in a big way, the Bharatiya Janata Party-Maharashtrawadi Gomantak Party combine on Tuesday rode to power in Goa, ousting the Congress and securing a majority in a House of 40 members, nearly half of whom will be new faces.
While the BJP won in 21 constituencies, seven more than last time, the MGP raised its tally from two in the last polls to three seats in the March 3 Assembly election results for which were declared on Tuesday.
The Congress, which had 16 seats last time, was reduced to nine seats with many of its stalwarts, including several Ministers and Goa Pradesh Congress Committee president Subhas Shirodkar, biting the dust. Its ally the Nationalist Congress Party, which had three seats last time, was wiped out.
So pronounced was the wind of change, that 19 new faces were elected this time.
Goa is the BJP’s new heartland. Z News reports an astounding +8% swing for the BJP and +1% for the left at the expense of -2% for the Congress and another -7% for other parties.
It was an unexpected victory for the Congress in the 10th assembly election in Manipur. Till last night, Congress insiders had speculated that they would bag 25-27 seats. But today’s result in the state has defied even the most optimistic Congressman’s expectations. With no less than a landslide victory with a two third majority and 42 out of 60 assembly constituencies under its belt, the Congress is all set to begin its third term as the ruling party in Manipur.
And the Congress was fighting against major odds in these elections. Ahead of the elections came a dictat by seven underground groups operating in the valley areas which had banned the Congress party from the elections.
The main change in Manipur according to Z News is that the politics of this eastern state is coming closer to the national average, with a swing of +8% for the Congress and +6% for the BJP at the expense of -7% for the MPP and another -7% for the others.
The 2011 Census directorate classifies an area as urban if it fulfills one of two conditions. Any area that comes under a corporation, municipality or town panchayat is automatically classified as urban.
“We also have ‘census towns’ that are considered urban. These are places that have a population of 5,000 and above, have a density of 400 persons per sq km and 75% of the male population employed in non-agricultural occupations,” said S Gopalakrishnan, director of census operations in Tamil Nadu.
“Many areas earlier classified as rural have got better facilities and have been merged with a municipality or corporation,” said Dr N Audinarayana , professor and head, population studies department, Bharathiar University, citing the examples of Chennai and Coimbatore.
“In many districts, people have taken up a non-agricultural occupation even if they have only studied up to class eight. So the area is classified as urban even though it is surrounded by fields,” he said.
Here are some salient figures:
- 31.2% of the Indian population is urbanized, ie, 68.8% of the population is rural. Punjab, Mizoram, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Goa, Kerala and Tamil Nadu all have more than 35% of the population living in towns. Bihar, Orissa and Assam have at least 90% of the population in villages. Maharashtra has the largest urban population: 26.77 million.
- Urban areas have grown at the decadal rate of 31.9%, and the rural population by only 12.2%. This, in spite of the fact that the birth rate in rural areas is larger: 14.11% of the rural population is younger than 7 years, but only 10.93% of the urban population is so young. Does this imply large adult migrations out of villages, or a genuine fall in fecundity in urban areas?
- The rural sex ratio is 947 females per 1000 males. The urban sex ratio is 926 females per 1000 males. In the age group below 7 years the sex ratio is worse: 919 for rural areas and only 902 for urban!
Telegraph (London) reviews the book The Colour of Paradise by Kris Lane. Interesting details:
Where had those emeralds come from? The Mughals and Persian Shahs had a three-fold classification: the very best were said to be from Egypt, the next category came from ‘old mines’ in Asia and the lowest quality came from ‘new mines’ in the Americas. But this was a fiction. Just 10 years ago, a team of mineralogists analysed the oxygen isotopes in a number of famous Mughal emeralds, and found that almost all of them were from the Americas. To be more precise, they were from the highlands of Colombia; this analysis was in fact able to identify the specific outcrops from which they had been extracted.
The speed with which these jewels had passed along oceanic trade routes and percolated into India and Persia is remarkable. Admittedly, some emeralds had been filtering back into Europe since the 1530s, when conquistadors plundered them from the treasuries of the Amerindian rulers they conquered. More emerged once these rapacious Spaniards understood that in some of these societies, jewels were buried with the dead: graves were opened and skeletons tossed aside in the search for booty.
The wreck of a treasure galleon from Colombia, which sank off Florida in 1622, has yielded 6,000 emeralds; the surviving copy of the ship’s manifest does not mention them at all.
What held this trade together was a network of families, most of them Portuguese ‘New Christians’ (converted Jews), who had buyers in Colombia and the Caribbean, financiers and gem-cutters in Lisbon, and jewel-sellers in Goa. Some of Lane’s most fascinating pages tell the stories of their lives, with details culled from the Inquisition archives. The Inquisitors suspected, correctly, that many of them had not abandoned Judaism at all; by the mid-17th century it had expelled most of them from Colombia’s main trading centre, with predictable economic effects. Many moved to English or Dutch territory, and the jewel business of the English East India Company would soon be flourishing in the hands of traders with names such as Moses Henriques and Abraham da Fonseca.
Global trade is not a monopoly of the last 50 years.
Police in the Indian city of Mumbai have arrested a second man over an alleged sexual assault on a Russian girl aged nine holidaying in Goa.
The detainee, who was named as Aman Bharadwaj, was due to be brought back to the resort region on Saturday, police told Indian and Russian media.
A man named as Anil Raghuvanshi was earlier arrested in Goa.
The girl’s mother said she had been distracted by one man while the other attacked her daughter in Arambol.
India’s PTI news agency said the two men arrested had been working together as assistant machine operators in Goa.
Other alleged attacks on Russian tourists in Goa, one of India’s most popular tourist destinations, have been reported in Russia in recent years.
The police must be breathing easy that it wasn’t a politically connected person this time around; they can try to diffuse Russia’s annoyance by solving this case quickly.
From Gulf Times, Qatar:
Meanwhile, the All India Milli Council yesterday supported a demand of Shiv Sena chief Bal Thackeray to hang Kasab without trial.
Thackeray in an editorial in yesterday’s edition of the Saamna, a mouthpiece of the Shiv Sena, demanded that Kasab be hanged without trial.
Iqbal Mohideen, president of the All India Mili Council (Goa), said Kasab’s chilling crime should be judged through the Shariah.
Oh, the delicious irony of it all!