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Census report on housing

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A press release of the Census bureau reveals interesting data on housing:

Census of India 2011 was conducted in two phases. The first phase, called the “Houselisting and Housing Census” was undertaken a few months prior to the second phase termed as “Population Enumeration”. The objective of the Houselisting and Housing Census Operations is to identify each building/census house and also to ascertain the quality of the census house, amenities accessible to it and assets available to the households living in those census houses.

As per the Houselisting and Housing Census, the census houses increased from 25 cr to 33cr. There is an increase of 6 cr census houses for residential and partly residential purposes. The data indicates that the housing gap has reduced. There is an improvement in the construction material used for roof, wall and floor. Thus there is a substantial improvement in the quality of housing both in rural and urban areas.

Only 47% of households have source of water within the premises

67% households use electricity which shows an increase of 11pt over 2001.

Around half of the households have drainage connectivity

there is an increase of 16% in television and a corresponding decline of about 15 pt in use of radios/transistors. Less than 1 out of 10 households have Computer/laptop with only 3% having internet facility. The penetration of internet is 8% in urban as compared to less than 1% in rural area. 63% households have Telephone/mobile facility with 82% in urban and 54% in rural area. The penetration of mobile phone is 59% and landline is 10%.

The census tells us that there are 5.3 crore houses which have a phone (probably a mobile phone) but no water. Buying a mobile phone is a decision which can be implemented by the householder. Water and sewage connections are largely the responsibility of local governments. This single statistics is utterly damning: local governments have failed to provide a basic necessity to at least 17.5 crore households.


Written by Arhopala Bazaloides

April 3, 2012 at 4:51 am

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