Karela Fry

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2013 Nobel Prize for Peace

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The Nobel Foundation announced today through a press release:

The Norwegian Nobel Committee has decided that the Nobel Peace Prize for 2013 is to be awarded to the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) for its extensive efforts to eliminate chemical weapons.

During World War One, chemical weapons were used to a considerable degree. The Geneva Convention of 1925 prohibited the use, but not the production or storage, of chemical weapons. During World War Two, chemical means were employed in Hitler’s mass exterminations. Chemical weapons have subsequently been put to use on numerous occasions by both states and terrorists. In 1992-93 a convention was drawn up prohibiting also the production and storage of such weapons. It came into force in 1997. Since then the OPCW has, through inspections, destruction and by other means, sought the implementation of the convention. 189 states have acceded to the convention to date.

The conventions and the work of the OPCW have defined the use of chemical weapons as a taboo under international law. Recent events in Syria, where chemical weapons have again been put to use, have underlined the need to enhance the efforts to do away with such weapons. Some states are still not members of the OPCW. Certain states have not observed the deadline, which was April 2012, for destroying their chemical weapons. This applies especially to the USA and Russia.

Prizes in 2013: Physiology and medicine, Physics, Chemistry, literature, Peace, and Economics.

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Written by Arhopala Bazaloides

October 11, 2013 at 9:20 am

5 Responses

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  1. […] Prizes in 2013: Physiology and medicine, Physics, Chemistry, Peace. […]

  2. […] Prizes in 2013: Physiology and medicine, Physics, Chemistry, Peace. […]

  3. […] Prizes in 2013: Physiology and medicine, Physics, Chemistry, Peace. […]

  4. […] in 2013: Physiology and medicine, Physics, Chemistry, literature, Peace, and […]

  5. […] in 2013: Physiology and medicine, Physics, Chemistry, literature, Peace, and […]


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